INDIAN CONSTITUTION

LESSON NO 3 INDIAN CONSTITUTION



Heli, Priyanshi and Sachin are watching the final match of World Cup of 2011 on T.V.
with their parents. An exciting match is going on between India and Sri Lanka. Who will
win the World Cup, India or Sri Lanka? Sri Lanka had put up a challenging target for
India to achieve but with the fearless batting of the Indian captain, Mahendra Singh
Dhoni, India won the World Cup. Everyone was rejoicing in victory. Heli said to her
mother while watching T.V., “Mummy, the previous match between England and India
resulted in a tie? What does that mean?” Neetaben said, “Heli, for a popular game like
cricket, the ICC has systematically formed rules. A tie in a match means that both the
teams have an equal score. Even the games like football, hockey, kabbadi, etc. have
their own set of rules. If a game has so many rules, then to run the administration of a
populous nation, we surely require well framed rules.” 

How was the Constitution of India formed?
The Constitution of India is the statement of national goals and aims such as
democracy, socialism, secularism, national unity, etc. The Constituent Assembly was
established. It started working from 9th December, 1946. The Constituent Assembly
was formed of prominent and distinguished scholars and leaders. Their political vision
and foresight was incorporated in the constitution. Leaders like Jawahar Lal Nehru, Dr.
Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad
Mukherjee, Sardar Baldev Singh, etc. provided their guidance. Frank Anthony
represented the Anglo Indian community and H.P. Modi represented the Parsi
community. The committee had various constitution scholars like Alladi Krishnaswami
Iyer, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, K.M. Munshi, etc.

There were female members like Sarojini Naidu and Vijayalaxmi Pandit. Dr. Rajendra
Prasad was elected as the President of the Constituent Assembly. There were a
number of sub committees to take care of various aspects of the Constitution. The
Drafting Committee which was headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar gave to the Constitution
its final shape. Total 166 meetings were held by the Constituent Assembly in a time
period of 2 years 11 months and 18 days. On 26th November 1949, the Committee
passed the Constitution, which was enforced on 26th January, 1950.
Why do we need a Constitution? What if there is no Constitution? No country can
function without a Constitution. A Constitution serves many objectives. It is a
document which finely weaves the ethos and ideals of our country. It tells about the
kind of government our country would have. How to run the administration of our
country? In a democratic form of government we elect our leaders so that they can run
the administration on our behalf. However, there are provisions in the Constitution to
check the misuse of power by the leaders.

Fundamental Rights

Fundamental rights of Indian Citizens are provided by the Constitution of India, thatwas adopted on the 26th of November, in the year 1949, but was put in use on the26th of January 1950, The Fundamental Rights of Indian Citizens guaranty that theresidents of the land can lead a peaceful life, as long as they inhabit the country. Theindividual Fundamental Rights of Indian Citizens are most of the time similar in all thedemocratic countires.The Individual Fundamental Rights to Indian Citizens include the following: Equality before the law Freedom of religion Freedom of association and peaceful assembly Freedom of speech and expression Right to constitution remedies for the protection of civil rights

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